Information about the infrastructures of all companies serving in Turkey is provided on the Infrastructure Inquiry and Listing website. There are 298 authorized internet service providers and 162 notification and 15 infrastructure operators in Turkey that provide internet service.
What is Infrastructure?
Infrastructure Query and Listing. Infrastructure is the name given to the technological and physical cable connections that must be established to provide internet service, it can be provided as wired and wireless.
Wired infrastructure is a connection model provided from underground and above ground with copper and fiber cables. Cables pulled from underground pass through pipes laid underground by digging the soil. Manholes are placed at certain intervals, with a maximum of 500 meters, and additional boxes are placed for the cables, and the cables are added here and spread over different routes or rise above the ground. These cables can be fiber or copper cables. Cables passing over the ground are drawn by using suspension wire cables. These cables are connected to poles or buildings at certain intervals. The steel suspension wire next to the cable is cut at certain points and mounted on a pole or wall. Attachment boxes of cables with suspension wires are located on the poles or on the building tops. The big cables coming out of the power plant are divided into neighborhoods and streets by dividing them in additional boxes, and they enter the buildings by being divided into pieces by the additional boxes in each street. Inside the buildings, it reaches from the boxes called built-ins to the apartments. In short, this is how the cable infrastructure is pulled.
Wireless Infrastructure Query and Listing is provided by radiolink devices broadcasting bidirectionally at various frequencies. These radiolink devices can transfer data as point to point or point to multipoint. These devices are basically the modems we use at home (outdoor) and have higher shooting power. Speeds of hundreds of mbps can be reached with high-end devices.
How to Take Infrastructure?
In order to establish an infrastructure, it is necessary to have Infrastructure Management Service authorization from the BTK (Information Technologies and Communications Authority). All companies with this authority can establish and operate infrastructure. If wireless infrastructure is to be established and broadcasting will be made on legal frequencies allocated for a fee, Infrastructure Operation Service (K) authorization must be obtained. If an infrastructure is to be established on free frequencies or with cable, it is necessary to have Infrastructure Operation Service (B) authorization. (B) is the type of authorization subject to notification, while (K) is the type of authorization subject to use.